To a child’s body is not penetrated infection barrier in their way are the adenoids and tonsils. Derived from lymphoid tissue, they are located at the top of the nasopharynx and the function of warming and humidifying inhaled air nose.
If the child is developing and not in very favorable conditions, contact with the vehicle of infection, the lymphoid tissue grows in adenoids, tonsils and adenoids are increasing. This leads to difficulty in nasal breathing, disruption of air in the nasal passages.
Enlarged adenoids may adversely affect the development of the whole child. In case of difficulty in nasal breathing kid forced to breathe only through your mouth, especially during exercise and during sleep. In this case, the dream is broken, the child sleeps uneasily. Here and increases the risk of sinusitis, otitis media (as adenoids are able to cover the entrances to the eustachian tubes that connect the middle ear cavity from the nasal cavity). Therefore, if the ENT doctor advises adenoidectomy – to this recommendation should listen carefully.
Acute respiratory diseases are not only medical, but there may be a serious social and economic problem. SARS limit the ability of children to communicate due to frequent absences due to illness in the kindergarten or school. Immediately arises and pedagogical problem: poor performance, difficulty mastering the curriculum. Treatment of sinusitis, as well as other diseases, requires significant costs for parents and with the money, and lost time.
Sinusitis distinguish the stage of acute, sub-acute, and chronic. Sinusitis disease is as follows:
- Infection getting into the nose, causing intense separation of mucus + swelling of the mucous membrane.
- Channels that come from the maxillary sinus, overlap and swollen, and maxillary sinus going infected mucus.
- In warmer closed sinuses infection begins to multiply and cause strong suppuration, inflammation, upper teeth pain, headache, etc.
But if the symptoms of sinusitis – an inflammation or pus in the axils of already available – then it is necessary to thoroughly clean the sinuses.
Treatment of sinusitis performs specialist otolaryngologist, and it is imperative to adhere to his advice. Nedolechennaya acute illness often becomes chronic,
For the prevention of sinusitis experts advise to exclude all that lowers immunity. Of physical treatments have a significant effect heating UFO nasal cavity, paranasal sinuses in the UHF and others.
However, the main trouble with the disease and the treatment of sinusitis, if it is running strong – almost inevitable puncture. So whether or not to perform the piercing of the maxillary sinus – maxillary sinusotomy (oral disclosure by a cut above the gum)? Most often, patients, despite their discomfort and pain, refuses to puncture (puncture) of the maxillary sinus. Known opinion that if once sinus puncture, you have to chop it all over again.
According otolaryngologists, recurrent sinusitis, and if there is, the more often because of predisposing factors described above, or due to incomplete treatment. Puncture and carried out in order to extract the remaining pus sinus, sinus rinse, and then enter the anti-inflammatory drugs there and antibiotics. Of course, unpleasant sensations, but the effectiveness of the procedure is very high.
Current treatments involve the installation after a puncture in the special sinus catheters through which the procedure can be daily washing the sinuses. When using tubes, catheters sick very quickly on the mend.
If the doctor doubts the need for a puncture, then do X-rays to confirm the diagnosis, typing in the bosom contrast agent. Also, to obtain a good result in the diagnosis effectively use ultrasound. The final conclusion of the defeat of maxillary sinus in a child is based on the aggregate results of clinical and radiographic studies. In children less than six years of puncture undesirable. When the puncture of such children are not excluded damage to the bottom wall of the eye holes, and injuries rudiments of permanent teeth.
Treatment of acute and recurrent sinusitis lasts up to two weeks during exacerbation of chronic – 3-4 weeks. In chronic form the most effective treatment – complex antibiotic therapy rather than surgery.
Currently, the practice of treating sinusitis more sparing techniques are used: the installation of the maxillary sinus catheters for administration of drugs; laser effect, the use of ultrasound to the walls of the treatment cavity. To reduce the complications associated with the use of punctures, uses a system balloon closing of the nasal passage and subsequent aspiration and washing maxillary sinus through its anastomosis with the nose, known as “sinus catheter.” This is – a design made of various types of rubber, has no pointed or sharp parts that allows painless conduct sanitation sinus: to enter medicine, wash the walls of the cavity, aspirate.
The latest advance in the treatment of sinusitis – a method of photodynamic therapy. Maxillary sinus is released from the content by introducing into it a photosensitizer (PS). After introducing light sensitizer (on earlier than one hundred and twenty minutes.) During 10 min. to 1 hour irradiated laser sinus wall. The radiation dose is increased gradually, at intervals of 20-30 seconds, during which time his shirt was purged, freeing up of mucus. Before the introduction of the FS and not earlier than one hundred and twenty minutes. After its introduction into the sinus, sinus washed with saline. After five more days of treatment sinus washed with saline. This method allows for a complete reorganization of the cavity, shortens treatment eliminates relapses.
Thus it is clear that with the purification of the whole body, and maxillary sinuses in particular, it is possible to get rid of many diseases: any allergies, asthma, headaches, epilepsy, spondylitis, and even infertility.
In conclusion – not medical advice, but very important: caring for a sick child, do not show him his anxiety. On the contrary, smiled at him, say more kind words, encouraged him in an effort to recover. The aura of love and tender attention to it especially necessary in these days. Try to create such a homely atmosphere in which the toys, interesting books and told tales you will be saving drugs and medical procedures.